HomeWorldThe world since 9/11: The last 20 years in pictures

The world since 9/11: The last 20 years in pictures

Right here”s a glance in photos on the 20 years since 9/11, charting the next “struggle on terror” and its wider affect on world occasions.

2001: 9/11

Coordinated aircraft assaults on the Twin Towers in New York and the Pentagon declare practically 3,000 lives. It’s the worst terrorist assault in historical past.

The response from the US, underneath the helm of President George W. Bush, was swift. In October the primary strikes in opposition to Afghanistan had been launched to “stop the nation from remaining a haven for Al Qaeda’s Islamist terrorists”.

A 12 months later, Osama bin Laden claimed accountability for the assaults on behalf of Al Qaeda.

The Taliban, who had condemned the assaults however refused at hand over bin Laden, put up little resistance.

2002: Considerations concerning the struggle in Afghanistan come up

The US authorities opens the Guantanamo Bay detention centre in January to detain and interrogate suspected Islamist terrorists.

The Naval base is situated in Cuba and Washington is accused of disregarding the rule of regulation and subjecting detainees to torture and abuse.

Almost 800 individuals will probably be detained there total. Immediately, 39 stay.

In Afghanistan, the Taliban authorities falls inside a number of months and is then succeeded by a collection of interim governments.

2003: Iraq is invaded

American troops invade Iraq in March as a part of its “Battle on Terror”. The Bush administration had accused the nation’s chief Saddam Hussein of being one of many world’s “sponsors of terrorism” and being a part of the well-known “Axis of Evil” alongside Iran and North Korea.

Hussein was additionally accused of harbouring terrorists and the coalition stated the invasion aimed to rid the nation of alleged weapons of mass destruction.

2004: Islamist terrorism strikes in Europe

Brutal assaults on commuter trains in Madrid on March 11, 2004, kill practically 200 individuals. It’s the first of a wave of lethal Islamist terrorist assaults throughout the Previous Continent, which additionally embrace London and Manchester in 2005 and 2017, Paris and Good in 2015 and 2016, and Berlin, additionally in 2016.

Islamist terrorism additionally scarred Istanbul, Bali, Mumbai and Colombo.

2005: Afghanistan proves tough

Regardless of the relative success of the marketing campaign in Afghanistan to oust the Taliban, negotiations with the nation’s tribal leaders show tough. Elections are held 4 years after the invasion however assaults proceed each day.

2006: Saddam Hussein executed

On December 20, deposed Iraqi chief Saddam Hussein is convicted of crimes in opposition to humanity by the prosecution of his nation’s interim authorities and is sentenced to demise. He’s killed by hanging 10 days later.

2007: 500 killed in Iraq assault

Ending the earlier regime didn’t finish tensions in Iraq. On August 19, practically 500 persons are killed in Qahtaniya close to Mosul in a truck bomb assault. The victims belonged to the Yazidi group, a Kurdish sect thought-about blasphemous by Islamists. The US blames Al Qaeda for the assault.

2008: US eyes Afghanistan withdrawal

The coaching of Afghan forces by the coalition is accelerated with the purpose to withdraw by 2014.

2009: Proof of abuses dedicated by worldwide troops

The Blackwater trial ends with workers of the non-public safety agency contracted by the US discovered to have killed Afghan civilians.

2010: WikiLeaks embarrasses the US

WikiLeaks reveals particulars of “collateral murders” dedicated by the US in Iraq by means of the publications of 1000’s of confidential diplomatic cables. Personal Chelsea Manning is arrested for allegedly being one of many sources of the largest leak in historical past.

Moreover, WikiLeaks’ Afghan “Battle Diaries” element “collateral” civilian deaths, kidnappings, torture and Pakistan’s participation within the defence of the Taliban.

2011: Bin Laden captured

On Could 2, US President Barack Obama broadcasts that Osama Bin Laden had been captured and killed.

Washington’s withdrawal from Iraq is accomplished in December. Terrorist teams take benefit to proliferate together with the so-called Islamic State.

2012: Julian Assange enters Ecuadorian embassy

Pursued by the US justice system for treason and espionage, WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange seeks refuge within the Ecuadorian embassy in London.

He’ll keep there for seven years throughout which era WikiLeaks continues to public compromising paperwork for governments and firms.

Assange is arrested by British police in April 2019 upon exiting the embassy after dropping the assist of the brand new Ecuadorian authorities.

Judges have to this point refused to extradite him to the US due to his psychological state.

2013: Edward Snowden’s revelations

Paperwork leaked by Edward Snowden, a former worker of the US Nationwide Safety Company (NSA), reveal the existence of an unlimited Web and cellphone surveillance programme run by US intelligence.

The programme was initially set as much as counter terrorist threats however the paperwork recommend that it was quickly prolonged to spy on the leaders of rival or allied international locations in addition to people and entities that posed no menace to the US.

2014: The Islamic State claims a caliphate

Sectarian violence in Syria and Iraq permits the extremist group to recruit, develop and conquer new territory throughout each international locations. IS additionally forges alliances with different worldwide terrorist teams corresponding to Nigeria’s Boko Haram.

2015: Europe’s migrant disaster

The stream of migrants and refugees from Syria, by then 4 years right into a devastating civil struggle, continues unabated. The stunning picture of Aylan Kurdi, a toddler washed up useless on the vacationer seashores of Bodrum, awakens Europe to the drama unfolding in its personal yard.

The affect of this tragedy prompts a number of campaigns for European governments to welcome refugees and Chancellor Angela Merkel retains Germany’s borders open. Greater than 1,000,000 individuals will declare asylum in Germany that 12 months.

2016: Turkey and EU strikes migrant deal

Ankara and Brussels attain an settlement to stem the stream of migrants reaching the European Union. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan agrees to extend border safety and take again irregular entries into Greece in change for €6 billion.

The migrant disaster has in the meantime impacted Europe’s politics with far-right events all through the 27-country bloc gaining momentum together with Various for Germany, and the League in Italy.

2017: The migrant nightmare in Libya

As Europe and Turkey tighten entry situations at their borders, the stream of migrants attempting to achieve Europe through Libya, will increase. Italy indicators a brand new memorandum with Libya, paying Libyan coastguards to intercept boats departing their shores for Europe.

NGOs elevate the alarm on the detention situations intercepted migrants are subjected to whereas they await voluntry or compelled return to their international locations of origin.

2018: Afghan withdrawal again on the desk

Western leaders talk about a brand new timetable for the withdrawal of their troops from Afghanistan at a NATO summit in July. US President Donald Trump, who had criticised the US engagement in Iraq and Afghanistan, throughout his marketing campaign, desires all troops out earlier than the twentieth anniversary of the 9/11 assaults.

2019: IS chief killed

IS chief Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi is killed in Barisha, Syria in October in a drone operation. The US Division of Defence supplies full particulars of the operation together with infrared pictures of the drone that destroyed the home.

2020: US negotiates with the Taliban

The Trump administration negotiates the US withdrawal from Afghanistan with the Taliban militant group earlier than September 2021. The preliminary deal plans for US troops to be out by Could and calls on the Taliban to stop Afghanistan from changing into a brand new haven for terrorist teams.

2021: Taliban takeover

The Taliban launch a breakneck marketing campaign to reclaim Afghanistan as overseas troops pull out. The group’s marketing campaign leaves Western powers scrambling to evacuate their nationals and Afghans who labored for them over fears for his or her security. The withdrawal is accomplished on August 31 with US troops ceding management of the Kabul airport.

The Taliban promise that issues will probably be totally different from their earlier regime within the late Nineteen Nineties, declaring a common amnesty and asserting that girls will probably be allowed to work. Its interim authorities introduced within the days previous September 11, is stacked with veterans of its earlier hardline regime. Fighters additionally violently suppress demonstrations, together with for girls’s rights.

Editorial Staff
Editorial Staffhttps://euroexaminer.com
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